Ahsan Rasool


Background: Iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy has devastating consequences for mother and as well as foetus. Its incidence is much more in developing countries where it is affected and aggravated by various factors. The relative scarcity of data about iron deficiency anaemia in this region merited this study. Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad in the months of June and July 2013. Patients admitted in gynaecology units A, B and C were studied. Non-probability convenience sampling technique was used. Results: A total of 241 patients responded to the questionnaire. 68.5% female were anaemic. 50.3% anaemic patients belonged to lower socioeconomic class. 46.1% anaemic patients reported not using contraceptive measures. Out of 96 patients who took vegetarian diet, 65 were anaemic. 58.1% anaemic patients belonged to rural area. Conclusion: Anaemic patients were mostly vegetarians, those having lower intake of citrus fruits and those belonging to rural area and lower socioeconomic status.

Keywords: anaemia, child bearing age, socio-demographic profile

Full Text:



Allen LH. Anaemia and iron deficiency: effects on pregnancy outcome. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71(5):1280–4.

World Health Organization. Assessing the iron status of populations: report of a joint World Health Organization/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention technical consultation on the assessment of iron status at the population level, 2nd ed., World Health Organization. Geneva, 2007.

DeMaeyer EM, Dallman P, Gurney JM, Hallberg L, Sood S, Srikantia S. Preventing and controlling iron deficiency anaemia through primary health care: a guide for health administrators and programme managers. 1989.

West CE. Strategies to control nutritional anaemia. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64(5),789–90.

Pena-Rosas JP, Viteri FE. Effects of routine oral iron supplementation with or without folic acid for women during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;(3):CD004736.

Simpson, JL, Bailey LB, Pietrzik K, Shane B, Holzgreve W. Micronutrients and women of reproductive potential: required dietary intake and consequences of dietary deficienty or excess. Part II-Vitamin D, Vitamin A, Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Essential Fatty Acids. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2011;24(1),1–24.

Mark A, Klebanoff M, Shiono P, Selby J, Trachtenberg A, Graubard B. Institute of Medicine. Nutrition during pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1990.

Balarajan Y, Ramakrishnan U, Özaltin E, Shankar AH, Subramanian SV. Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 2012;378(9809), 2123–35.

Bodnar LM, Cogswell ME, Scanlon KS. Low income postpartum women are at risk of iron deficiency. J Nutr 2002;132(8):2298–302.

Balarajan YS, Fawzi WW, Subramanian SV. Changing patterns of social inequalities in anaemia among women in India: cross-sectional study using nationally representative data. BMJ Open 2013;3(3):e002233.

Dicko A, Mantel C, Thera MA, Doumbia S, Diallo M, Diakité M, et al. Risk factors for malaria infection and anaemia for pregnant women in the Sahel area of Bandiagara, Mali. Acta Trop 2003;89(1):17–23.

Lone FW, Qureshi RN, Emanuel F. Maternal anaemia and its impact on perinatal outcome. Trop Med Int Health 2004;9(4):486–90.

Hercberg S, Preziosi P, Galan P. Iron deficiency in Europe. Public Health Nutr 2001;4(2):537–45.

Sharma DC, Mathur R. Correction of anaemia and iron deficiency in vegetarians by administration of ascorbic acid. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1995;39(4):403–6.

Frith-Terhune AL, Cogswell ME, Khan LK, Will JC, Ramakrishnan U. Iron deficiency anaemia: higher prevalence in Mexican American than in non-Hispanic white females in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72(4):963–8.


  • There are currently no refbacks.